Has long been renowned as the city of the Taj Mahal. This has often overshadowed the fact that this royal mughal city has, in addition to the legendary Taj, many magnificent monuments that epitomize the high point of mughal architectural achievement.
If there's a building which represents a country -like the Eiffel Tower for France, the Sydney Opera house for Australia - then it has to be the Taj Mahal for India. This most famous Moghul monument was constructed by emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the 'Lady of the Taj'. It has been described as the most extravagant monument ever build for love for the emperor was heartbroken when Mumtaz, to whom he had been married for 17 years, died in 1629 in childbirth, after producing 14 children.
Construction of the massive Agra Fort was begun by Emperor Akbar in 1565, and additions were made up until the time of his grandson, Shah Jahan. While in Akbar's time the fort was principally a military structure, by Shah Jagan's time it had become partially a palace. A visit to the fort an agra must since so many of the events which let to the construction of the Taj took place here. There are many fascinating building inside the massive walls which stretch for 2 1/2km, surrounded bya moat over 10meters wide. The fort is on the banks of the Yamuna River and only the Amar Singh Gate to the south is open. Inside, the fort is really a city within the city.