The fort & town of JAISALMER was founded by Maharawal Jaisal in the year 1156 AD after having shifted his capital from Ludharva (18 Kms away from Jaisalmer) to a Safer place. The ruling family of the erstwhile Jaisalmer State belongs to Bhati Clan of Yadu Rajputs of Chandrawasnshi (Lunar) Race who claim descent from Lord Krishnan, the defied hero who ruled at Dwarka. The historical origin of Bahttis can be inferred from the couplet which says that the Yadu Rajputs ruled and constructed frst at Kashi, Madhura, Pragvad, Gajni, Bhatner, Digam, Dirwal, Lodurva and ninth in Jaisalmer.
The two communities viz. 'Manganiars' and Langas' have not only preserved the traditional art & music but they have carried it beyond the domestic shores. The folk Music with traditional instruments and the folk dances are very popular and fascinating. The Cultural programmes performed by these artistes have special attraction for the tourists.
Desrt Festival is organized every year by the Department of Tourism, Art &Culture. It has become very popular worldwide. Apart from sight-seeing and cultural programs, several competitions are arranged in this festival. These competitions have become extremely popular.